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Catalogue of the Oasis Museum, hall 1:

Oasis: agriculture and sedentary life

In the presaharic area of South Morocco, agriculture and sedentary life are limited to the middle of the valleys, where water from the Grat Atlas Mountains or from the Jebel Saghro makes irrigation possible.

These fertile valleys are real oasis surrounded by arid land. Water comes to them from a river or from subterranean springs by wells or from a Khettara.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat

Map of presaharic valleys and their main cultivations:


Systems for obtaining water:

1st – A river

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
The DrÔa   Photo: Roger Mimó, 1990

2nd – Wells

pou
Real wide reproduction

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Detail

Well with water distribution system called Oghror

Objects composing the reproduction:
2 Oughror: ref. 002/003. Origen: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), s. XX.
Pulley: ref. 004. Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century.
Winch: ref. 005. Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century.
Rope: ref. 006. Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century.

politxa

Well pulley

Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century. Ref. 007.

cercapous

Hook for recovering ropes fallen in wells

Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century. Ref. 008.

3rd – Khettaras (underground canals)

fogara
Khettaras of Jorf (Gheris)    Photo: Roger Mimó, 1993

fogara

 


Agricultural labors: plowing

arada
Assif Melloul valley   Photo: Roger Mimó, 1992

arada
Plough     Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century. Ref. 009.


Agricultural labors: seeding

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Hoes
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century. Ref.10/11

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Pick
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century. Ref. 012.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Gourd to stock seeds
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century. Ref. 013.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Leg protectors for land laborers
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 014

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Pick to plant broad beans
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 015


Agricultural labors: trimming and protecting

eina per esporgar palmeres
Tool for trimming palm trees     Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 016.

galledes
Buckets for boiling water used to fight Bayout (a palm tree disease)
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 017/019.

trampa
Trap for foxes and rabbits     Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 073.


Agricultural labors: pollinating


Sacks for the male parts of the palm flower used to pollinate the palms
Origin: Ksar El Khorbat (Ferkla), 20th century, ref. 020/022.


Agricultural labors: mowing


Assif Melloul valley    Photo: Roger Mimó, 1992

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Sickles for corn        Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 023

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Sickles for alfalfa       Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 024/026.


Agricultural labors: beating

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Imenane valley, High Atlas occidental        Photo: Roger Mimó, 1998

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Leg protector for mules when beating
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 027

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Sorter to separate grain from straw
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 028.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Pivots for mules to beat
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 030/031.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Shovel to separate grain from straw
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 029.


Agricultural labors: transporting

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Tifnout valley, Western High Atlas   Photo: Roger Mimó, 1984

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat

Mule saddle

Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 032.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Saddle strap for a mule
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 033

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Bag of mule food Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 034.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Bag of horse food Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 035

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Stirrup
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 036

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Horseshoes for mules and donkeys
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 037/038/039.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Knee protector for mules when walking
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 040.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Spurs           Origin: Boudenib (Guir), 20th century, ref. 041.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Spur            Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 042.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Bit for a donkey
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 043.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Bit for a donkey
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 044.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Bit for a mule
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref.45

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Bit for a horse
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 046.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat

Containers for grain, straw, dates...

Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 047 a 053.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat

Nets to transport straw

Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 054/055.


Agricultural labors: pounding

MolÝ
Mill for grain, henna, etc.             Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 056.


Cattle-raising in the oasis

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Seat to milk cows
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 057.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Salt to make cows drink water and increase its milk production
Origin: Ksar El Khorbat, Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 058.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Chicken protectors
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 059/060.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Rock used to crush the seeds of dates destined to feed the cattle
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 061 a 063.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Pile for attaching the cattle
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 064.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Scissors for shearing sheep
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 065 a 067.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Sickles to shear sheep
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 068 a 072.


Apiculture

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Cover of a beehive
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 074.

Oasis Museum, El Khorbat
Cane used to transport the queen bee
Origin: Ferkla, 20th century, ref. 075/076.


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© Maison d’Hôtes El Khorbat s.a.r.l.

Welcome to Ksar El Khorbat. Circuits in Southern Morocco. Rooms of the Guesthouse El Khorbat. Restaurant El Khorbat. Excursions from Ksar El Khorbat. How to arrive to the Ksar El Khorbat. Airports. Transfers. Map of Morocco. International cooperation in Ksar El Khorbat. Prices and discounts to stay in Ksar El Khorbat.